Shock Monitor's tool embodies the principle mission of the campaign, which is to observe and document military and security activity by third party actors and to promote research and reporting on impacts to humanitarian and international law around the world, without limitation to any specific geographical context. The data published within the online database and mapping tool is collected, developed and verified through the Shock Monitor technical and research team.
There is a significant lack of specialized literature on the involvement of private military and security companies (PMSCs) in sexual abuses and sexual violence against women and girls.
Private Security has flourished in Africa due to complex infrastructure ventures and the presence of natural resources. The private military and security sector has been growing alongside demand in Africa due to the expansion of security dynamics in services offered.
The increasing allocation of government contracts to third-party, private firms in the military and security provision has not only generated an emerging market for defense products and services, but has also established some of the biggest transnational firms operating throughout various jurisdictions in a multiplicity of international contexts.
Erik Prince, founder of the security company Blackwater Worldwide, now formerly known as Academi and belonging to the Constellis Group is currently the Chairman of the Frontier Services Group Ltd, a company defined as a provider of integrated security, logistics and insurance services for clients operating in frontier markets. In recent years, Prince has participated in the creation of Reflex Responses, a private army founded in August 2010.
The international seminar on “Human Rights and New Forms of Mercenarism: Violations, Limits and Opportunities of the International Legal System” took place on 21 April, at the Palau Macaya in Barcelona, with the aim of exposing, analysing and operationalizing the causes and impacts of private sector military and security companies on human rights.