“The Invisible Force. A comparative study of the use of private military and security companies in Iraq, the Occupied Palestinian Territories, and Colombia. Lessons for an international regulation”

Leticia Armendáriz (Author), Sawsan Ismael Al-Assaf (Co-author Iraqi chapter), Palestinian Center for Human Rights and Who Profits, NOVACT Research team in Colombia.

Through the comparative analysis of the development and impact of PMSCs in three armed conflict scenarios, this study intends to identify common trends with the aim to raise key recommendations for governments, international organizations and civil society to effectively regulate this industry.